Your browsing of the web is interrupted for an urgent announcement. A speaker says in a low voice: “Modern Language Association (MLA) made some changes to their requirements for MLA format works cited pages. Be careful and follow the new guidelines to make your MLA papers just perfect!”
MLA format works cited: main recommendations
There is no need to panic, because the golden rules for using the MLA citation style remained the same:
- Start your list of works on a new page.
- Call it “works cited” if all the sources you include are cited in your paper or “bibliography” if you include both sources for which there are parenthetical references in your text and sources that you just consulted, but did not cite in the text (as a general rule, your teachers like “works cited” better, because they cannot know exactly whether you carefully read all the books and articles from your “bibliography” or not.)
- Use capital letters for every word in titles of books, articles, movies, journals etc.
- Use quotation marks for titles of journal, magazine, newspaper articles and chapters in edited books.
- Write the full first names of all authors.
- Use 1 inch margins on all sides.
- Use double spacing.
- Indent the 2nd, 3rd and following lines in your entries. Here’s how it should look like:
Woolf, Virginia. “The Mark on the Wall.” The Norton Anthology of English Literature. Ed. Stephen Greenblatt and Meyer Howard Abrams. 8thed. New York: W.W. Norton, 2006. Print.
The MLA style manual recommends that you use the Tab key instead of the Space bar to indent the entries.
- Do not forget to mention the type of each source (Print. for printed sources, web. for online sources, DVD for movies etc.)
- Order alphabetically all your entries on the MLA format works cited page.
MLA format works cited: latest changes
These are the latest changes that deserve serious consideration:
- Great news: the MLA citation style does not require underlining the titles anymore. Instead, italicize them.
- The MLA handbook recommends that you use URLs only when your readers would not be able to find the web pages without your help. In other cases, no web links are needed.
- Use n.d. for sources without a publication date and n.pag. for sources without page numbers.
MLA format works cited: examples
MLA format citations heavily depend on the type of sources they refer to. Here are some good MLA citation style examples:
|Type of source||Example|
|Book||Mailer, Norman. The Armies of the Night: History as a Novel/ The Novel as History. New York: Plume, 1994. Print.|
|Chapter in an edited book||Isherwood, Christopher. “Goodbye to Berlin”. The Berlin Stories. Ed. Christopher Isherwood and Armistead Maupin. New York: New Directions Publishing, 2008. 193 – 215. Print.|
|Journal article||Malec, Christine. “The Double Objectification of Disability and Gender”. Canadian Woman Studies 13.4 (1993): 22-23. Print.|
|Website||The Purdue OWL Family of Sites. The Writing Lab and Academic Writing, 2008. Web. 24 Apr. 2012.|
|Movie||Avatar. Dir. James Cameron. Perf. Sam Worthington, Zoe Saldana, and Stephen Lang. Twentieth Century Fox, 2009. Film.|
MLA format works cited sample
Bell, Michael. Literature, Modernism and Myth: Belief and Responsibility in the Twentieth Century. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1997. Print.
Childs, Peter. Modernism. 2nded. New York: Routledge, 2008. Print.
Hardy, Thomas. “On the Western Circuit.” The Norton Anthology of English Literature. Ed. Stephen Greenblatt and Meyer Howard Abrams. 8thed. New York: W.W. Norton, 2006. Print.
Kern, Stephen. The Modernist Novel: A Critical Introduction. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2011. Print.
Leech, Geoffrey. Language in Literature: Style and Foregrounding. Upper Saddle River: Pearson Education, 2008. Print.
That was all you needed to know on MLA format for works cited pages. Feel free to use these examples to make your MLA works cited/bibliography pages simply amazing.